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Lake Karakuli, China leaf wax carbon isotope dataset (since 4200 cal yr BP)
CTR :477
Key words Karakuli,leaf wax carbon isotope
Relevant data Central Asia is located at the confluence of large-scale atmospheric circulation systems. It is thus likely to be highly susceptible to changes in the dynamics of those systems; however, little is still known about the regional paleoclimate history. Here we present carbon and hydrogen isotopic compositions of n-alkanoic acids from a late Holocene sediment core from Lake Karakuli (eastern Pamir, Xinjiang Province, China). Instrumental evidence and isotope-enabled climate model experiments with the Laboratoire de Météorologie Dynamique Zoom model version 4 (LMDZ4) demonstrate that δD values of precipitation in the region are influenced by both temperature and precipitation amount. We find that these parameters are inversely correlated on an annual scale, i.e., the climate has varied between relatively cool and wet and more warm and dry over the last 50 years. Since the isotopic signals of these changes are in the same direction and therefore additive, isotopes in precipitation are sensitive recorders of climatic changes in the region. Additionally, we infer that plants use year-round precipitation (including snowmelt), and thus leaf wax δD values must also respond to shifts in the proportion of moisture derived from westerly storms during late winter and early spring. Downcore results give evidence for a gradual shift to cooler and wetter climates between 3.5 and 2.5 cal kyr BP, interrupted by a warm and dry episode between 3.0 and 2.7 kyr BP. Further cool and wet episodes occur between 1.9 and 1.5 and between 0.6 and 0.1 kyr BP, the latter coeval with the Little Ice Age. Warm and dry episodes from 2.5 to 1.9 and 1.5 to 0.6 kyr BP coincide with the Roman Warm Period and Medieval Climate Anomaly, respectively. Finally, we find a drying tend in recent decades. Regional comparisons lead us to infer that the strength and position of the westerlies, and wider northern hemispheric climate dynamics, control climatic shifts in arid Central Asia, leading to complex local responses. Our new archive from Lake Karakuli provides a detailed record of the local signatures of these climate transitions in the eastern Pamir.
Data shows that
a. Description of Intellectual Property Rights When using a dataset, please refer to the following documents in the article: B. Aichner, S.J. Feakins, J.E. Lee, U. Herzschuh, and X. Liu. 2015. High-resolution leaf wax carbon and hydrogen isotopic record of the late Holocene paleoclimate in arid Central Asia. Climate of the Past, Vol. 11, Issue 4, pp. 619-633. DOI: 10.5194/cp-11-619-2015 b. The data labels refer to the following specifications: In order to respect intellectual property rights and protect the rights and interests of data contributors and service providers, data users are requested to mark the data sources in the research results (including project evaluation reports, acceptance reports, academic papers and graduation thesis) based on this data, and the references cited in the [Citation Reference], and submit the publicly available results to the "National Earth System Science Data Sharing Platform" Data sources refer to the following specifications: Chinese Expression: 国家科技基础条件平台-国家地球系统科学数据共享平台-东亚古环境科学数据库; English Expression: East Asian Paleoenvironmental Science Database, National Earth System Science Data Sharing Infrastructure, National Science & Technology Infrastructure of China Acknowledgments refer to the following specifications: Acknowledgments in Chinese: 感谢国家科技基础条件平台-国家地球系统科学数据共享平台-东亚古环境科学数据库提供数据支撑。 Acknowledgments in English: Acknowledgement for the data support from "National Earth System Science Data Sharing Infrastructure, National Science & Technology Infrastructure of China, East Asian Paleoenvironmental Science Database. " Iegal liability: The platform owns intellectual property rights protected by the law, including copyrights for all the data products or services and relevant information published by the platform itself or contributed by some data contributors. No unit or individual may copy, modify, transcribing, spread or sell any part of the above data products, services, information or materials in any way or reason without the written permission of this platform. Where the infringement of copyright and other intellectual property rights of the platform, the platform will be held accountable according to law, hereby solemnly declare! c. Contacts Name: Data processing group Email: eapsd@ieecas.cn Tel: 029-62336213
Data collection format Excel
Data classification Geological record - Lakes and oceans
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Full name: 
ZhaoHL Email: zhaohl@ieecas.cn
Unit: IEECAS Phone: 029-62336213
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