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Pedostratigraphy records from Lingtai section in Chinese Loess Plateau
CTR :872
Key words pedostratigraphy; Lingtai section; loess-red clay sequence; 7Ma
Relevant data Zhongli Ding, et al, 1999, "Pedostratigraphy and paleomagnetism of a ~7.0 Ma eolian loess-red clay sequence at Lingtai, Loess Plateau, north-central China and the implications for paleomonsoon evolution", Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, v152 (1-2), pp49-66, 15 August 1999.
Data shows that
A 305-m-thick loess–red clay sequence was discovered recently at Lingtai, which is located in the middle part of the Chinese Loess Plateau. It consists of a complete Pleistocene loess–soil sequence with a thickness of about 175 m and 130m of Tertiary red clay deposits. The red clay sequence at Lingtai is the thickest one presently known in the Loess Plateau.Field observations show that the Lingtai red clay contains over 110 couplets of pedogenic B horizons and horizontal carbonate nodule horizons, and that it can be regarded as an extremely thick soil complex. Paleomagnetic studies of 680 samples suggest that the basal age of the Lingtai loess–red clay sequence is about 7.05 Ma. Grain size analysis of samples taken at 3.3 cm intervals indicates that the red clay has the same sedimentological characteristics as those observed in the loess, thus suggesting a wind-blown origin of the Tertiary red clay and continuous atmospheric dust deposition in the Loess Plateau during the last 7.05 Ma. The pedogenic characteristics of the paleosols within the Pleistocene loess and the B horizons in the red clay suggest that the East-Asia summer monsoon in the latest Miocene may have already been slightly stronger than that during the Holocene. This implies that at about 7.5 Ma BP, the Tibetan Plateau could have been uplifted to a critical height in maintaining the East-Asia summer monsoon system. Observations of the loess–red clay sequence also suggest that the long-term changes in the East-Asia summer monsoon strength have been nonlinear since the latest Miocene.
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Data classification Geological record - Terrestrial environmental records
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